Transitive verbs – Always have a direct or indirect object after it.
Direct Object – an object that has the action (verb) perform something to it.
ex: The boy folded laundry
*Ask the question: What is the boy folding? Answer: laundry (the direct object)
Indirect Object – a person who receives the action (verb)
ex: Catherine made the family food
*Ask the question: For whom had Catherine made food? Answer: The family (indirect object)
Intransitive verbs – Do not contain a direct object or indirect object.
ex: The girl screamed wildly
*Ask the question(s): Who was screamed at? What was screamed? Answer(s): Nothing (no direct or indirect object).
Linking verbs: Use variations of the verb to be (ex. am, are, were, was, etc or seems, become, appears, etc) to link a subject (A person, place, thing or idea) to a noun or adjective (describing word).
Ex. She was ugly. (She is the subject, was is the linking verb, and ugly is an adjective)
Ex: You were a boss. (You is the subject, were is the linking verb, and boss is a noun)
Helping Verbs – helps out an action verb in a sentence. (am, are, was, were, etc or could, would should, might, etc)
Ex: She is running for office (She is the subject, is is the helping verb, running is an action verb)
Ex: John could kill a deer with his gun. (John is the subject, could is the linking verb, kill is the action verb)