Present Perfect Verb Tense
The present perfect verb tense is used when we want to say that something happened at an unspecified time. Therefore, the action or state of being has taken place in the past.
Ex. John __has read__ (to read) a short novella by Larry McMurtry.
Ex. I __have read__ (to read) a short novella by Larry McMurtry.
Notice two things about the verbs: Has is a helping verb used in the present tense. Read is an action verb used in the past tense. In order to create the perfect tense, which we use as often as we use the simple tense use the following formula:
Present Tense Helping Verb Have/Has + Past Tense Action Verb
Why use this tense? Present perfect allows one to recall an action or state of being from the past, without specifying when exactly it happened.
1. Mary ______________ _______________ (to do) a carrot cake.
2. The men __________________ ______________ (to lose) their minds.
3. Jordan ______________ ___________________ (to walk) along the beach
4. Kyle ___________________ ________________ (to come) from Alabama.
5. The guys _______________ _________________ (to join) the National Guard.
6. Dr. Michael _______________ __________________ to treat swollen ankles.
7. The substitute teacher ________________ ________________ (to ring) the bell.
8. The Prince ______________ __________________ (to die) of pneumonia.
9. Jerry _____________ _________________ (to understand) physics.
10. The minister ________________ _______________ (to give) a sermon.