Midterm Study Guide

Study Guide


Nouns: a person, place, thing or idea.

Proper Noun – The name of something specific.  A proper noun is always capitalized. (Hillside High)

Common noun – a common noun can be touched, smelled, seen, heard, or felt. (ex. cat)

Abstract noun – cannot be sensed by the five senses.  It is an idea. (ex. love)

Countable noun – an object that there can be more than one of.  (ex. Bicycle -> bicycles).

Uncountable noun – an idea or object that can only be represented in the singular form (ex. garbage)

Pronoun – A word that takes the place of a noun. (ex. he, she, it , they, etc)


Verbs: an action or a state of being.

Action Verb: a word that shows an action or state of being.

Helping Verb: IS ALWAYS PAIRED WITH AN ACTION VERB. (ex. have, will, is, etc)

Linking Verb: Joins the subject with an ADJECTIVE ore NOUN. (is, are, was, were etc)

Simple Verb Tenses

Present: I walk, you walk, he/she walks, we walk, they walk

Past: I walked, you walked, he/she walked, we walked, they walked.

Future: I will walk, you will walk, he/she will walk, we will walk, they will walk.

Perfect Tenses

Present Perfect: I have walked, you have walked, he/she has walked, we have walked,           they have walked

Past Perfect: I had walked, you had walked, he/she had walked, we had walked, they     had walked.

Future Perfect: I will have walked, you will have walked, he/she will have walked, we       will have walked, they will have walked


Open-ended question response formula:

            Bullet/Paragraph 1

1)     Restate the question and add your answer (main idea).

2)     Provide the name of the author and title of article/story Provide an example from the text which proves that your answer is correct.

3)     Explain how your example from the text proves that your answer (main idea) is true.

Bullet/Paragraph 2

1)     Restate the question and add your answer.

2)     Provide an example from your life or movies/literature.

3)     Explain how your example relates to the story/answer (main idea).


Essay Organization

Introduction Paragraph

The Hook – 2 to 3 sentences of description, storytelling, or bold statements.

The Main Ideas – Your strongest arguments for your paper (especially if it’s more than 1 page long).  Hints at what you will be discussing later in the paper.  1 sentence.

The Thesis – The overall main idea of the paper.  Is short and direct and does not include I, you, me, us.  Always comes last in the introduction paragraph.

Body Paragraph x 3

The Main Idea – is a statement that supports your thesis.

The Example – is a specific, often factual, piece of information which backs up your main idea.

The Explanation– shows the reader how the example and the quote relate to each other.

Thesis Explanation- explains how the main idea and example relate to the overall thesis

Conclusion Paragraph

The Thesis – The overall topic/statement to be discussed stated in a different way

Main Ideas – The key ideas which help prove your thesis stated in a different way

The Hook – uses storytelling, description, and bold statements which calls the reader to action.  This closes out the hook from the beginning of the story.


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