Parts of Speech

            There are 8 categorical parts of speech in the English language.  What is apart of speech? A part of speech is the specific function a word has in a sentence.  Here are the 8 that make up the English language. *note some of these may be broken down even further*

part of speech

function or “job”

example words

example sentences

Verb

action or state

(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must

Mike is a cool guy. I like eating paste.

Noun

thing or person

pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John

This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.

Adjective

describes a noun

a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting

I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.

Adverb

describes a verb, adjective or adverb

quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really

My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.

Pronoun

replaces a noun

I, you, he, she, some

Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.

Preposition

links a noun to another word

to, at, after, on, but

We went to school on Monday.

Conjunction

joins clauses or sentences or words

and, but, when

I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don’t like cats.

Interjection

short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence

oh!, ouch!, hi!, well

Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.

 

Practice

Directions: Identify the part of speech the underlined word(s) are in each sentence.

1. Gosh, Margret prances around like a little girl.  ________________    ________________

2. He will never become a model. _____________________   ________________________

3. John and Mary converted to this religion. ____________________  ____________________

4. Pronouns are ugly but you will certainly get use to them. ____________________ __________________

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