|part of speech||function or “job”||example words||example sentences|
|Verb||action or state||(to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must||Mike is a cool guy. I like eating paste.|
|Noun||thing or person||pen, dog, work, music, town, London, teacher, John||This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.|
|Adjective||describes a noun||a/an, the, 2, some, good, big, red, well, interesting||I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.|
|Adverb||describes a verb, adjective or adverb||quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really||My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.|
|Pronoun||replaces a noun||I, you, he, she, some||Tara is Indian. She is beautiful.|
|Preposition||links a noun to another word||to, at, after, on, but||We went to school on Monday.|
|Conjunction||joins clauses or sentences or words||and, but, when||I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don’t like cats.|
|Interjection||short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence||oh!, ouch!, hi!, well||Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know.|
1. Gosh, Margret prances around like a little girl. ________________ ________________
2. He will never become a model. _____________________ ________________________
3. John and Mary converted to this religion. ____________________ ____________________
4. Pronouns are ugly but you will certainly get use to them. ____________________ __________________
5. The wild fire spread throughout the countryside. ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________ ____________________
Transitive verbs – are action verbs which have a direct object (noun).
Direct object – receives the action of the action verb (if kick is the action verb than the direct object will be physically kicked).
Indirect object – a person or animal that receives all or part of the action.
Intransitive verbs – are action verbs without direct objects. They are usually followed by a preposition (which tells you where and when the action occurred)
1. Murray went to the park. ___________________________________
2. Amber crashed her car in the parking lot. ___________________________________
3. The bird lies dead on the floor. ___________________________________
4. Aliens eat before going to bed. ___________________________________
5. Duncan eats breakfast after school instead of before school. ___________________________________.
Helping verbs – use variations of the verb “to be” to “help” an action verb
Linking verbs – use variations of the verb “to be” to “link” the subject to an adjective or noun
1. Mary Kay jewelry is awesome! _____________________________
2. She is killing all of the germs on the counter! _____________________________
3. Carlos was a baseball player for Halloween. _____________________________
4. Nancy was running for class president. _____________________________
5. Edgar and Mario were only fifteen years old. _____________________________