As you have heard: nouns are person, places, things or ideas. Did you know there are different types? See how many of these you know!

Proper Nouns

Definition: Proper nouns are nouns that refer to specific entities. All proper nouns are capitalized.

Example: Harvard, Brian, 106 and Park are all specific things.

If i was not trying to be specific I might say a college instead of Harvard or “that guy” instead of Brian. This leads us into our next category.

I want to attend Harvard when I graduate from high school.

Common Nouns

Definition: Common nouns refer to general, unspecific categories of entities.

Example: college, show, men

Because these nouns do not tell us exactly what or whom but give us a vague idea, we often use common nouns to give our reader or listener a general idea. Usually, when someone uses a common noun, we ask who(m) or what?

That college is very hard in which to gain admission.

Countable Nouns

Definition: Count nouns can occur in both single and plural forms, can be modified by numbers, and are able to be used with like many, most, more, several, etc.

For example: the noun bike is countable noun. Consider the following sentence:

There is a bike in that garage.

In this example, the word bike is singular as it refers to one bike that is presently residing in a particular garage.

However, bike can also occur in the plural form.

There are six bikes in that garage.

In this example, the noun bikes refers to more than one bike as it is being modified by the numeral six.

In addition, countable nouns can be used with like many, most, more, several, etc.

In that garage, several bikes are broken.

Although several doesn’t give us a specific number, we are assured that there is more than one bike.

Uncountable Nouns or Mass Nouns

Definition: some nouns are not countable and are called uncountable nouns or mass nouns.

For example, the word clutter is a mass noun.

That garage is full of clutter.

This sentence makes grammatical sense. However, the following example does not.

That garage is full of clutters.

Mass nouns can not take plural forms, and therefore a sentence containing the word clutters is ungrammatical.

Substances, liquids, and powders are entities that are often signified by mass nouns such as wood, sand, water, and flour. Other examples would be milk, air, furniture, freedom, rice, and intelligence.

Collective Nouns

Definition: collective nouns are nouns that refer to a group of something in a specific manner. Often, collective nouns are used to refer to groups of animals. Consider the following sentences.

Look at the gaggle of geese.

There used to be herds of wild buffalo on the prairie.

A bevy of swans is swimming in the pond.

A colony of ants live in the anthill.

In the above examples, gaggle, herds, bevy, and colony are collective nouns.

Concrete Nouns

Definition: Concrete nouns are nouns that can be touched, smelled, seen, felt, or tasted.

Examples: Steak, table, dog, Maria, salt, and wool are all examples of concrete nouns.

Can I pet your dog? Please pass the salt. Your sweater is made of fine wool.

Concrete nouns can be perceived by at least one of our senses.

Abstract Nouns

Definition: These nouns cannot be perceived by the five sense and are ideas.

Example: Concepts like freedom, love, power, and redemption

They hate us for our freedom.

All you need is love.

We must fight the power.

In these sentences, the abstract nouns refer to concepts, ideas, philosophies, and other entities that cannot be concretely perceived.


Definition: Personal pronouns are types of nouns that take the place of nouns when referring to people, places or things.

Examples: I, you, he, she, it, and they

Amy works at a flower shop. She works at a flower shop.

The Greeks invented democracy. They invented democracy.

When used to signify possession of another noun, pronouns take on their possessive form such as mine, ours, hers, and theirs.

That pizza belongs to Marley. That pizza is hers.

When used as the object of a preposition, pronouns take on their objective case. Examples include him, her, me, us, and them.

Hand the money over to Jennifer. Hand the money over to her.

The police are on to John and Ray. The police are on to them.

Much of this came from Thank you.

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